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SCHUERMANN ARCHITECTS * Schuerbusch 26 * 48163 Muenster * Germany
Olympic Games 2008
Beijing Olympic Games

LaoShan Velodrome for the 
Olympic Games 2008


Entrance area
In March 2003 three Chinese Design Institutes, one Autralian, one French Architect and SCHÜRMANN ARCHITECTS from Germany were invited to take part in the international architectural competition for the future Olympic Velodrome in Beijing.
The designs were given in in the beginning of June 2003 and finally the designs of the Guadong Design Institute and SCHÜRMANN ARCHITECTS were rated as the two
"Excellent designs".

Negotiations for the final design contract started lately with SCHÜRMANN ARCHITECTS.

birds eye view
The Olympic Velodrome is located in the Eastern part of Beijing in the Shi Jing Shan district.
Situated between hills in the south, open landscape in the north, the existing cycling and fencing administration in the east and the new 5th Ring Road in the west,  the design task demanded a big scale townplanning approach and general new organisation of the site.
A 300 m long "backbone" service building unites the existing cycling and fencing administration and the new Olympic velodrome, which "hovers" as a circular disc above the service building.
The "backbone" connects at the same time the Bajiao Park in the south with the newly introduced Olympic railway station in the north. Spectators may enter the hall directly on the spectator level via the garden roof of the "backbone".
The northern end of the "backbone" contains the Olympic railway station and a 3 level parking garage for 5.000 bicycles.
Bicycle parking
Site layout
The generous forecourt of the Velodrome, where people will meet and communicate during the Olympic Games is bordered by a swung water basin and "rolling" grass "waves", providing room and atmosphere for relaxation and Tai Chi. 
A 600 m long wooden bench swings through the site and reflects the forms of the surrounding hills in the south and east.
Spectators arriving by public transport or busses approach the hall across the water via circular orientated wooden bridges.
Olympic railway station and ramp RV     Along the backbone
Spectators arriving by bike or train use the ramps in the northern end of the support building to access the Chinese Garden on the roof top or walk along the support building to the main foyer on ground level.
Night View
Inside view The velodrome itself reflects cycling already in it's shape and circular form. 
The roof construction is based on the spoked front wheel of a racing bicycle.

Dace Kalvane demonstrating the principlePhoto: Diena, Riga

From the central hub steel cable "spokes" lead to the outside rim and support a translucent membrane roof cover. A unique structure for a velodrome.

During the Olympic Games the Velodrome can host up to 6.000 spectators and media representatives. After the Games the capacity can be reduced to 3.500 spectators.

The Olympic cycle track (250 m circumference) is constructed from wood and will allow fast performance times for the athlets. The proportion of the track will be sprint orientated in order to allow for exiting competitions. Long distance disciplines will have equally favourite conditions.
The track will have a depressed infield for optimal view for all spectators and participants.

Inside view

Client: State Sport General Administration of P.R. of China
Architectural and general planning SCHÜRMANN ARCHITECTS
Dipl.Ing. Architect  Ralph Schürmann
Mag. Arch. Architect Dace Kalvane / Riga
Dipl.Ing. Architect Wolfgang Keuthage / Berlin

Project team:
Dirk Hellmann
Cand.arch. Ruta Vanaga / Riga
Cand arch. Anna Malec 
Manuela Hendrich
Axel Mosler

Dipl.Ing. Architect  Ralph Schürmann
Structural engineer: Schlaich Bergermann & Partner
Stuttgart/Germany (Sven Plieninger)
Building services: HL-Technik AG
Hamburg/Germany ( Torsten Reul)
Landscaping: Brandenfels, Büro für Landschaftsplanung
Münster/Germany (Gordon Brandenfels)
Visualisations: Engel&Hähnel, Büro für Architektur Visualisierung
Model: Mosler Modellbau
Münster/Germany (Wolfgang Mosler)
Start of construction: 2003
Commissioning: 2005/2006
Technical Data Track:
Length: 250 m
Width:  7,50 m
Surface: special fast wood
Substructure: wood

Copyright (c) 2003 

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