3 Generations of Cycle Track
(1888 - 1957)
Professional Cyclist and
Clemens Schürmann as architect
||In 1925 he was asked
by a cycling club "Clemens, you have been a famous cyclist and now you
are also an architect. Couldn't you build a cycle track for us?". And so
it all started.
Clemens designed his first cycle
track, a 300 m long, open-air track from wood.
His next task was an indoor cycle
track in his home-town Muenster, only 160 m long. This track became his
object of evolution. Since he was not satisfied with the form of the track
as a rider, he tried all possible variations on this track as an architect.
||Each year this track was built
up for the winter season and each year he changed the form after his own
practical experiences, when he tried it out, still riding himself until
1927. He altered the inclinations and most of all the form of the transitions,
which are even more important on shorter tracks.
Against the usual mathematical formulas
he changed the transitions in such a way that the riders are led out of
the curve by the track itself. He found that at the location of the highest
centrifugal forces the riders should not be bothered with steering, but
should be "helped" by the track to stay in the chosen line.
This is the reason why the riders
feel so well on Schürmann tracks and why they are able to produce
their best performances on them.
|Within the following 28 years -interrupted
by World War II- he built as many as 40 tracks in Germany and the neighboring
countries. With tracks of length's from 153 m to 500 m, indoors and outdoors,
from wood and from concrete he gathered the knowledge and experience, which
laid the foundation stone for an ongoing tradition.
His certainly most famous track
was the "Vigorelli"-track in Milan, Italy (1936). Practically
all world records of that time and the following years were broken on this
track and it was THE location of world-record-attempts for many, many years.
part 3: Clemens Schürmann as sport director